Aleppo is the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world, competing for this title with only Damascus.
The city contains the Middle East’s third highest number of historical monuments after Istanbul & Cairo and is considered an open-air museum.
In addition to its UNESCO World Cultural Heritage status, Aleppo is also a Human Heritage site, joining other rare cities as Genova & Florence in Italy, Pamukkale in Turkey and Cairo in Egypt.
The museum of Aleppo is one of the most important museums in the world due to its collection of ancient Syrian civilisation artefacts from the Euphrates River region. With the closure of Iraq, the museum is the best place to see these finds.
Aleppo was at the end of the Silk Road (the passage of goods from Asia to Europe) until the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869.
Aleppo has one of the world’s largest citadels and has never been captured by force throughout the long history of the city. The souk is also the Middle East’s longest at 16km with 1,500 shops.
Aleppo has the Middle East’s second best well-preserved walls after Jerusalem. Aleppo walls blocked the Crusaders in 1124AD and the Vienna walls stopped the fall of Western Europe into the hands of Muslim Ottomans, playing a unique historical role in preventing global change.
Syria (especially cultivated in the plains of the Aleppo region) is the world’s sixth largest producer of olive oil from which the famous Aleppo olive oil soap is made.
Although Jesus was born in Bethlehem, the name Christ was used here for the first time.
St. Symeon Cathedral is the Middle East’s second biggest church (12,000 sq m).
Aleppo houses the Middle East’s second biggest Christian community after Beirut (12 denominations, the most numerous in the world).